Erysipelas is a common contagious skin infection which usually occurs in the upper layer of the skin. Lots of people suffer from this skin infection because the causative organism usually lives on the surface of the human body. Since the bacteria live on the surface of the human body, it is easy to contact this infection. Furthermore, erysipelas is contagious. This means that it can be transferred from one person to another. In this article, we will take a look at the causes and also the prevention of this skin infection.
Just like every disease or skin infection, it is usually better to prevent erysipelas than curing it. This skin infection can be prevented by keeping your skin healthy. This simply implies that you should avoid treat diseases like eczema, sores, athlete’s foot and anything that results to a break in the skin. Since the causative organism lives on the human body, it can easily gain entrance into the upper layer of the skin when an opening is made on it.
Erysipelas occurs on the upper layer of the skin. A similar condition known as cellulitis occurs in the lower layer of the skin. These two skin infections are caused by the similar causative organism. Moreover, they are very difficult to differentiate and doctors usually mistake one for another. Nonetheless, they are usually treated with the same method and therefore there is no need of differentiating them. Wondroos oftentimes develops in the legs but it can also occur on the face and other parts of the body.
The causative organism is Group A streptococci which often lives on the surface of the skin and other body surfaces without causing harm. The bacteria gain entrance into the body through breaks in the skin and cause the infection. Not only openings in the skin but also anything which prevents the drainage of blood or fluid from a given region of the body can also lead to this skin infection.
When erysipelas affects the face, the condition usually results from the spreading of the bacteria from the nasal passages as a result of infections in the nose. From the nose it gets to the throat and consequently affects the face. There are many common causes of this skin infection and a few of them include: surgical incisions, athlete’s foot, skin conditions which may include psoriasis and eczema, cut and ulcers in the skin, insect bites, the suppression of the immune system, the injection of illegal drugs, heart failure which may result to swollen legs, uncontrolled diabetes and so forth.
The treatment method for erysipelas is usually through administering an antibiotic known as penicillin. The causative organism, Group A streptococci, reacts to the antibiotics and therefore it can be used in treating many causes of the infection. However, in some cases where the bacteria are not affected by the antibiotics, an alternative means will be sought. In mild cases, the patient can take the antibiotics at home but in severe cases he has to be admitted to the hospital and given the antibiotics through intravenous treatment.